Landmark Edition, Volume 9, 2004

Issue 1
Open Access
Article
The molecular basis of intellectual disability: novel genes with naturally occurring mutations causing altered gene expression in the brain
Jozef Gécz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.1-7
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1199 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Ap-1 targets in the brain
Marcin Rylski, Leszek Kaczmarek
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.8-23
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1207 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Querkopf, a histone acetyltransferase, is essential for embryonic neurogenesis
Tim Thomas, Anne K Voss
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.24-31
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1208 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Complex regulatory interactions control CRH gene expression
Richard C Nicholson, Bruce R King, Roger Smith
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.32-39
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1204 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Tracing functional circuits using c-Fos regulated expression of marker genes targeted to neuronal projections
Mark Murphy, Ursula Greferath, Nupur Nag, Jess Nithianantharajah, Yvette M Wilson
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.40-47
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1203 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The mammalian circadian clock: a network of gene expression
Urs Albrecht
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.48-55
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1196 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Resetting the suprachiasmatic nucleus clock
David J Kennaway
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.56-62
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1200 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Gene regulation by song in the auditory telencephalon of songbirds
Claudio V Mello
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.63-73
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1201 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Review
For want of a nail. ramifications of a single gene deletion, dystrophin, in the brain of the mouse
Trent Wallis, William A. Bubb, James A. McQuillan, Vladimir J. Balcar, Caroline Rae
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.74-84
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1209 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
EGF family of growth factors: essential roles and functional redundancy in the nerve system
Cory J Xian, Xin-Fu Zhou
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.85-92
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1210 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Systematic identification of factors in zebrafish regulating the early midbrain and cerebellar development by odered differential display and caged mRNA technology
Hitoshi Okamoto, Yoshikazu Hirate, Hideki Ando
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.93-99
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1205 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
CREB and neurodegeneration
Mike Dragunow
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.100-103
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1197 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Cellular-resolution activity mapping of the brain using immediate-early gene expression
Reza Farivar, Shahin Zangenehpour, Avi Chaudhuri
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.104-109
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1198 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Oxygen sensors and energy sensors act synergistically to achieve a graded alteration in gene expression: consequences for assessing the level of neuroprotection in response to stressors
Gillian M C Renshaw, Joshua Warburton, Adeeb Girjes
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.110-116
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1206 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Gene expression and regulation of hindbrain and spinal cord development
Kristin R Melton, Angelo Iulianella, Paul A Trainor
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.117-138
Managing Editor: John Leah
DOI: 10.2741/1202 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Noninvasive diagnosis of acute rejection of solid organ transplants
Choli Hartono, Darshana Dadhania, Manikkam Suthanthiran
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.145-153
Managing Editor: Rakesh Sindhi
DOI: 10.2741/1218 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The relationship of HLA antigens to doxycycline induced apoptosis in immortalized B cells
Ping Wang, Gary Dorante, Saul R Powell, Eileen Hilton
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.154-158
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1215 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
'Objective' assessment of rectal sensation: a novel approach
Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El-Sibai, Ali A Shafik, Ismail Ahmed
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.159-163
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1153 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Understanding the molecular mechanism of drug resistance of anti-HIV nucleosides by molecular modeling
Youhoon Chong, Chung K Chu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.164-186
Managing Editor: Ramachandra Hosmane
DOI: 10.2741/1220 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
N-nitrosation and denitrosation on lysine residues of histones
Wu-Nan Kuo, Dynisha Ivy, Marvin J Robinson
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.187-191
Managing Editor: Wu-Nan Kuo
DOI: 10.2741/1222 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Grb7 in intracellular signaling and its role in cell regulation
Tang-Long Shen, Jun-Lin Guan
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.192-200
Managing Editor: Feng Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1229 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Glucose transport in the heart
E Dale Abel
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.201-215
Managing Editor: Konstantin Kandror
DOI: 10.2741/1216 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
A brief history of the discovery of natural simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections in captive sooty mangabey monkeys
Bobby J Gormus, Louis N Martin, Gary B Baskin
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.216-224
Managing Editor: Aftab Ansari
DOI: 10.2741/1151 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The history of SIVS and AIDS: epidemiology, phylogeny and biology of isolates from naturally SIV infected non-human primates (NHP) in Africa
Cristian Apetrei, David L Robertson, Preston A Marx
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.225-254
Managing Editor: Aftab Ansari
DOI: 10.2741/1154 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Assessment of HIV-1 DNA copies per cell by real-time polymerase chain reaction
Bruce Shiramizu, Suzanne Gartner, Michael Cho, Yiling Liu, Nica Pyron, Victor Valcour, Cecilia Shikuma
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.255-261
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1212 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of cellular magnesium in health and human disease
Maria José Laires, Cristina Paula Monteiro, Manuel Bicho
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.262-276
Managing Editor: Jose Romero
DOI: 10.2741/1223 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Blood vessels and parkinsonism
Carlos Barcia, Marina E Emborg, Etienne C Hirsch, María-Trinidad Herrero
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.277-282
Managing Editor: Marina Emborg
DOI: 10.2741/1145 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Wound healing: an overview of acute, fibrotic and delayed healing
Robert F Diegelmann, Melissa C Evans
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.283-289
Managing Editor: Marcos Rojkind
DOI: 10.2741/1184 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Signaling the brain in systemic inflammation: role of sensory circumventricular organs
Joachim Roth, Eva-Maria Harré, Christoph Rummel, Rüdiger Gerstberger, Thomas Hübschle
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.290-300
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1241 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Cholecystokinin: possible mediator of fever and hypothermia
Zoltán Szelényi, Miklós Székely, Zoltán Hummel, Márta Balaskó, Andrej A Romanovsky, Erika Pétervári
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.301-308
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1234 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Proton and electron transfer in the acceptor quinone complex of photosynthetic reaction centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides
Colin A Wraight
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.309-337
Managing Editor: Michael Green
DOI: 10.2741/1236 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Antiretroviral therapy influences cellular susceptibility to apoptosis in vivo
Curtis L Cooper, Barbara Phenix, Georgina Mbisa, Julian J Lum, Karl Parato, Nanci Hawley, Jonathan B Angel, A D Badley
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.338-341
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1230 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Inhibition of GM-CSF production in fibroblast-monocyte coculture by prednisone and effects of rhGM-CSF on human lung fibroblasts
S Matthew Fitzgerald, David S Chi, Steven A Lee, Kenton Hall, Guha Krishnaswamy
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.342-348
DOI: 10.2741/1240 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Angiotensin II, PPAR-gamma and atherosclerosis
Ulrich Kintscher, Christopher J Lyon, Ronald E Law
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.359-369
Managing Editor: Karin Bornfeldt
DOI: 10.2741/1225 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Feline immunodeficiency virus: a concise review
Luis Isamu Barros Kanzaki, David J Looney
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.370-377
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1235 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Allosteric sites of phosphodiesterase-5 sequester cyclic GMP
Jun Kotera, Sharron H Francis, Kennard A Grimes, Alfreda Rouse, Mitsi A Blount, Jackie D Corbin
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.378-386
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1231 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Grb10: more than a simple adaptor protein
Mei A Lim, Heimo Riedel, Feng Liu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.387-403
Managing Editor: Feng Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1226 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Apoprotein (A) antagonises THE GPIIB/IIIA receptor on collagen and adp-stimulated human platelets
D Edward Barre
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.404-410
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1194 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Pharmacologic immunosuppression
Neal R Barshes, Sarah E Goodpastor, John A Goss
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.411-420
Managing Editor: Rakesh Sindhi
DOI: 10.2741/1249 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Preparation of interstrand cross-linked DNA oligonucleotide duplexes
David M Noll, Anne M Noronha, Christopher J Wilds, Paul S Miller
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.421-437
Managing Editor: Ramachandra Hosmane
DOI: 10.2741/1246 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Angiotensin II: its effects on fever and hypothermia in systemic inflammation
Tatsuo Watanabe, Michio Miyoshi, Toshiaki Imoto
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.438-447
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1243 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Expression of Fas ligand is not a main mechanism used by tumors to counteract antitumor immunity
Chuan-min Chen, Wenying Song, John Y Kao, Qiong-duan Zheng, Jian-Jun Chen
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.448-456
Managing Editor: Jian-Jun Chen
DOI: 10.2741/1252 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of chemokines and their receptors in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis
Eckhart Sindern
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.457-463
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1238 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Growth factors in the fetal and neonatal lung
Vasanth H Kumar, Rita M Ryan
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.464-480
Managing Editor: Lin Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1245 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Modeling nonlinear effects in longitudinal survival data: implications for the physiological dynamics of biological systems
A Kulminski, I Akushevich, K Manton
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.481-493
Managing Editor: Kenneth Manton
DOI: 10.2741/1221 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Signaling the brain in the early sickness syndrome: are sensory nerves involved?
Andrej A Romanovsky
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.494-504
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1247 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Time profile of cerebral [18F]6-fluoro-L-DOPA metabolites in nonhuman primate: implications for the kinetics of therapeutic L-DOPA
Christopher J Endres, Onofre T DeJesus, Hideo Uno, Doris J Doudet, Jerome R Nickles, James E Holden
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.505-512
Managing Editor: Marina Emborg
DOI: 10.2741/1224 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Phylogenetic analysis of SIV derived from mandrill and drill
Taichiro Takemura, Masanori Hayami
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.513-520
Managing Editor: Aftab Ansari
DOI: 10.2741/1242 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The paradox of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in sooty mangabeys: active viral replication without disease progression
Lisa A Chakrabarti
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.521-539
Managing Editor: Aftab Ansari
DOI: 10.2741/1123 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Statistical methods for detecting genomic alterations through array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH)
Yuedong Wang, Sun-Wei Guo
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.540-549
Managing Editor: Heping Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1186 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The role of the immune response during SIVagm infection of the African green monkey natural host
Stephen Norley, Reinhard Kurth
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.550-564
Managing Editor: Aftab Ansari
DOI: 10.2741/1219 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms of oxidative stress in diabetes: implications for the pathogenesis of vascular disease and antioxidant therapy
Subramaniam Pennathur, Jay W Heinecke
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.565-574
Managing Editor: Karin Bornfeldt
DOI: 10.2741/1257 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Cytokines in osteoarthritis-current status on the pharmacological intervention
Juergen Steinmeyer
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.575-580
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1253 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Coupled proton and electron transfer reactions in cytochrome oxidase
Robert B Gennis
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.581-591
Managing Editor: Michael Green
DOI: 10.2741/1237 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Implantation of Spheramine in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD)
Roy A E Bakay, Cathy D Raiser, Natividad P Stover, Thyagarajan Subramanian, Michael L Cornfeldt, Alfred W Schweikert, Richard C Allen, Ray Watts
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.592-602
Managing Editor: Marina Emborg
DOI: 10.2741/1217 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Grb10 exceeding the boundaries of a common signaling adapter
Heimo Riedel
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.603-618
Managing Editor: Feng Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1227 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The immunophilin FKBP12: a molecular guardian of the TGF-beta family type I receptors
Tongwen Wang, Patricia K Donahoe
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.619-631
Managing Editor: Di Chen
DOI: 10.2741/1095 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Neuroimaging of HIV and AIDS related illnesses: a review
Rohit Bakshi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.632-646
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1256 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of MRI in multiple sclerosis II: brain and spinal cord atrophy
Robert Zivadinov, Rohit Bakshi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.647-664
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1262 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of MRI in multiple sclerosis I: inflammation and lesions
Robert Zivadinov, Rohit Bakshi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.665-683
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1251 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier: a target for glucocorticoids and estrogens?
Jean-Bernard Dietrich
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.684-693
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1272 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Intentional neglect
Kenneth M Heilman
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.694-705
Managing Editor: Anna Barrett
DOI: 10.2741/1261 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Parasitic diseases of the heart
Louis V Kirchhoff, Louis M Weiss, Murray Wittner, Herbert B Tanowitz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.706-723
Managing Editor: Herbert B. Tanowitz
DOI: 10.2741/1255 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Oxidized GroEL can function as a chaperonin
Girish C Melkani, Gustavo Zardeneta, Jose A Mendoza
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.724-731
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1258 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Microglia and chemokines in infectious diseases of the nervous system: views and reviews
Tammy Kielian
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.732-750
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1266 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Varicella zoster virus latency, neurological disease and experimental models: an update
Randall J Cohrs, Donald H Gilden, Ravi Mahalingam
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.751-762
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1275 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Nitric oxide neurotoxicity in neurodegenerative diseases
Kathleen M K Boje
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.763-776
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1268 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Transcellular transport as a mechanism of blood-brain barrier disruption during stroke
Marilyn J Cipolla, Ryan Crete, Lisa Vitullo, Robert D Rix
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.777-785
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1282 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
B cells in multiple sclerosis
Mark P Burgoon, Donald H Gilden, Gregory P Owens
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.786-796
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1278 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
How elevated oxalate can promote kidney stone disease: changes at the surface and in the cytosol of renal cells that promote crystal adherence and growth
Cheryl R Scheid, Lu-Cheng Cao, Thomas Honeyman, Julie A Jonassen
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.797-808
Managing Editor: Saeed Khan
DOI: 10.2741/1265 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Plasticity of neuronal responses induced by low concentrations of exogenous ligands affecting cellular calcium stores
O I Epstein, T A Zapara, O G Simonova, A S Ratushnyak, M B Shtark
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.809-815
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1244 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Endogenous antipyretics: neuropeptides and glucocorticoids
Joachim Roth, Eugen Zeisberger, Stanislav Vybíral, Ladislav Janský
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.816-826
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1277 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Down-regulation of the GTPase RhoB might be involved in the pre-apoptotic phenotype of osteoarthritic chondrocytes
Pia M Gebhard, Stephan Söder, Brigitte Bau, Thomas Aigner
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.827-833
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1254 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Neuromyelitis optica: current concepts
Dean M Wingerchuk
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.834-840
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1267 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Virulence factors of the coagulase-negative staphylococci
Michael Otto
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.841-863
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1295 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Prospects for neuroprotection in multiple sclerosis
V Wee Yong
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.864-872
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1276 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Cyclosal-pronucleotides--development of first and second generation chemical trojan horses for antiviral chemotherapy
Chris Meier, Astrid Meerbach, Jan Balzarini
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.873-890
Managing Editor: Ramachandra Hosmane
DOI: 10.2741/1283 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Extracellular virulence factors of Streptococcus pneumoniae
Mark J Jedrzejas
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.891-914
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1299 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Signaling the brain in systemic inflammation: the role of complement
Clark M Blatteis, Shuxin Li, Zhonghua Li, Vit Perlik, Carlos Feleder
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.915-931
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1297 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Stereotactic radiosurgery using the Leksell Gamma Knife: current trends and future directives
Ajay Jawahar, Lisa L Jawahar, Anil Nanda, Christopher D Sharp, April Warren, John W Elrod, Merilyn Jennings, J Steven Alexander, Alireza Minagar
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.932-938
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1294 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy
Kourosh Rezania, Betul Gundogdu, Betty Soliven
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.939-945
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1286 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
CNS vasculitis
Roger E Kelley
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.946-955
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1259 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Antipyretic therapy
Regina Botting
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.956-966
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1303 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
The WNT/calcium pathway: biochemical mediators, tools and future requirements
Michael Kühl
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.967-974
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1307 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Mary Margaret Wade, Ying Zhang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.975-994
Managing Editor: Ying Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1289 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Vesical pacing: pacing parameters required for normalization of vesical electric activity in patients with overactive bladder
Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El Sibai, Ali A Shafik, Ismail Ahmed, Randa M Mostafa
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.995-999
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1280 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Wnt signaling in B and T lymphocytes
Ya-Wei Qiang, Stuart Rudikoff
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.1000-1010
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1309 Published: 01 January 2004
Open Access
Article
Fever in systemic inflammation: roles of purines
Alexander V Gourine, Nicholas Dale, Valery N Gourine, K Michael Spyer
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 1, pp.1011-1022
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1301 Published: 01 January 2004
Issue 2
Open Access
Article
Frizzled/WNT signalling: the insidious promoter of tumour growth and progression
Elizabeth Vincan
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1023-1034
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1311 Published: 01 May 2004
Open Access
Article
Mn2+ and bacterial pathogenesis
Michelle L Zaharik, B Brett Finlay
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1035-1042
Managing Editor: Michael Maguire
DOI: 10.2741/1317 Published: 01 May 2004
Open Access
Article
WNT-frizzled signaling via cyclic GMP
Hsien-yu Wang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1043-1047
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1310 Published: 01 May 2004
Open Access
Article
Frizzleds: new members of the superfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors
Craig C Malbon
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1048-1058
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1308 Published: 01 May 2004
Open Access
Article
The search for new sterilizing anti-tuberculosis drugs
Denis A Mitchison
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1059-1072
Managing Editor: Ying Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1293 Published: 01 May 2004
Open Access
Article
Elevated expression of IFN-gamma in the HIV-1 infected brain
Paul Shapshak, Robert Duncan, Alireza Minagar, Pura Rodriguez de la Vega, Renée V Stewart, Karl Goodkin
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1073-1081
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1271 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Macroscopic electrostatic models for protonation states in proteins
Donald Bashford
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1082-1099
Managing Editor: Michael Green
DOI: 10.2741/1187 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
The role of oxidative damage in mitochondria during aging: a review
Hai Huang, Kenneth G Manton
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1100-1117
Managing Editor: Kenneth Manton
DOI: 10.2741/1298 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Endothelial microparticles as markers of endothelial dysfunction
Lawrence L Horstman, Wenche Jy, Joaquin J Jimenez, Yeon S Ahn
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1118-1135
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1270 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Persistent and dormant tubercle bacilli and latent tuberculosis
Ying Zhang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1136-1156
Managing Editor: Ying Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1291 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Extracellular virulence factors of streptococci associated with animal diseases
Mariela Segura, Marcelo Gottschalk
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1157-1188
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1287 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
DNA methylation and male infertility
Francisco J Cisneros
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1189-1200
DOI: 10.2741/1332 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
NF-kappaB action in sepsis: the innate immune system and the heart
Maria A Brown, W Keith Jones
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1201-1217
Managing Editor: Herbert B. Tanowitz
DOI: 10.2741/1304 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Multiparametric effect: concentration analyses
Rakesh Sindhi, Vishal Berry, Janine Janosky
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1218-1221
Managing Editor: Rakesh Sindhi
DOI: 10.2741/1260 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Disappearing "T1 black holes" in an animal model of multiple sclerosis
Istvan Pirko, Aaron Johnson, Jeff Gamez, Slobodan I Macura, Moses Rodriguez
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1222-1227
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1322 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Main features on tailed phage, host recognition and DNA uptake
Lucienne Letellier, Pascale Boulanger, Laure Plançon, Pierre Jacquot, Monica Santamaria
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1228-1339
Managing Editor: Phillip Klebba
DOI: 10.2741/1333 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Direct effects of long-chain non-esterified fatty acids on vascular cells and their relevance to macrovascular complications of diabetes
John F Oram, Karin E Bornfeldt
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1240-1253
Managing Editor: Karin Bornfeldt
DOI: 10.2741/1300 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Regulation of endothelial cell function BY FAK and PYK2
A Wayne Orr, Joanne E Murphy-Ullrich
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1254-1266
Managing Editor: Candece Gladson
DOI: 10.2741/1239 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Virulence properties of Streptococcus mutans
Jeffrey A Banas
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1267-1277
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1305 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Magnesium in clinical medicine
Rhian M Touyz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1278-1293
Managing Editor: Michael Maguire
DOI: 10.2741/1316 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
ENA/VASP proteins: multifunctional regulators of actin cytoskeleton dynamics
Antonio S Sechi, Juergen Wehland
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1294-1310
Managing Editor: Josephine Adams
DOI: 10.2741/1324 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
On the mechanism and pathway of colicin import across the E. Coli outer membrane
Stanislav D Zakharov, William A Cramer
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1311-1317
Managing Editor: Phillip Klebba
DOI: 10.2741/1334 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Evolution of assisted protein folding: the distribution of the main chaperoning systems within the phylogenetic domain archaea
Alberto J L Macario, Mona Malz, Everly Conway de Macario
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1318-1332
Managing Editor: Everly Conway de Macario
DOI: 10.2741/1328 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Specificity of WNT-receptor interactions
Jen-Chih Hsieh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1333-1338
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1321 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Inflammatory responses to ischemia and reperfusion in the cerebral microcirculation
Mami Ishikawa, John H Zhang, Anil Nanda, D Neil Granger
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1339-1347
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1330 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Catabolism of caffeine in plants and microorganisms
Paulo Mazzafera
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1348-1359
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1339 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Effect of dehydroepiandrosterone on oxalate metabolism in rats
Saori Nishijima, Kimio Sugaya, Sanehiro Hokama, Makoto Morozumi, Yoshihide Ogawa
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1360-1364
Managing Editor: Saeed Khan
DOI: 10.2741/1340 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
EPHB receptor signaling in dendritic spine development
Fumitoshi Irie, Yu Yamaguchi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1365-1373
Managing Editor: Josephine Adams
DOI: 10.2741/1325 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Ureide biosynthesis in legume nodules
Shigeyuki Tajima, Mika Nomura, Hiroshi Kouchi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1374-1381
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1345 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Manganese-dependent protein O-phosphatases in prokaryotes and their biological functions
Liang Shi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1382-1397
Managing Editor: Michael Maguire
DOI: 10.2741/1318 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Metabolism of diadenosine tetraphosphate (Ap4A) and related nucleotides in plants; review with historical and general perspective
Andrzej Guranowski
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1398-1411
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1338 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Endothelial cell seeding of polymeric vascular grafts
Kristin J Pawlowski, Stanley E Rittgers, Steven P Schmidt, Gary L Bowlin
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1412-1421
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1302 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Electrospinning collagen and elastin: preliminary vascular tissue engineering
Eugene D Boland, Jamil A Matthews, Kristin J Pawlowski, David G Simpson, Gary E Wnek, Gary L Bowlin
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1422-1432
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1313 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Cytokines and fever
Bruno Conti, Iustin Tabarean, Cristina Andrei, Tamas Bartfai
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1433-1449
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1341 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Modulators of urinary stone formation
Saeed R Khan, Dirk J Kok
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1450-1482
Managing Editor: Saeed Khan
DOI: 10.2741/1347 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Transverse Myelitis: pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment
Chitra Krishnan, Adam I Kaplin, Deepa M Deshpande, Carlos A Pardo, Douglas A Kerr
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1483-1499
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1351 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Chemokines and chemokine receptors in autoimmune encephalomyelitis as a model for central nervous system inflammatory disease regulation
Rukiye-Nazan E Dogan, William J Karpus
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1500-1505
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1284 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Purine and pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis and degradation during in vitro morphogenesis of white spruce (Picea glauca)
Claudio Stasolla, Trevor A Thorpe
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1506-1519
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1343 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Bone morphogenetic protein-3 family members and their biological functions
Jun Hino, Kenji Kangawa, Hisayuki Matsuo, Tsutomu Nohno, Shin-ichiro Nishimatsu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1520-1529
Managing Editor: Di Chen
DOI: 10.2741/1355 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Noncanonical Wnt signaling pathways in C. elegans converge on POP-1/TCF and control cell polarity
Michael A Herman, Mingfu Wu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1530-1539
Managing Editor: Craig Malbon
DOI: 10.2741/1306 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Adeno-associated viral vector-mediated ApoE expression in Alzheimer's disease mice: low CNS immune response, long-term expression, and astrocyte specificity
Xuan Feng, Fernette F Eide, Hong Jiang, Anthony T Reder
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1540-1546
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1323 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Abnormal levels of interferon-gamma receptors in active multiple sclerosis are normalized by IFN-beta therapy: implications for control of apoptosis
James Ahn, Xuan Feng, Nilesh Patel, Neetu Dhawan, A T Reder
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1547-1555
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1331 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Atomic resolution structures and the mechanism of ion pumping in bacteriorhodopsin
Brian W Edmonds, Hartmut Luecke
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1556-1566
Managing Editor: Michael Green
DOI: 10.2741/1264 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Apoptosis in acute and chronic neurological disorders
Oleksandr Ekshyyan, Tak Yee Aw
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1567-1576
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1357 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Molecular biology of pyridine nucleotide and nicotine biosynthesis
Akira Katoh, Takashi Hashimoto
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1577-1586
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1350 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Redundancy or flexibility: molecular diversity of the electron transfer components for P450 monooxygenases in higher plants
Daisaku Ohta, Masaharu Mizutani
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1587-1597
Managing Editor: Norio Kagawa
DOI: 10.2741/1356 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Applications of multi-photon microscopy in cell physiology
Ernst Niggli, Marcel Egger
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1598-1610
Managing Editor: Ernst Niggli
DOI: 10.2741/1353 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Regulation of pyrimidine metabolism in plants
Chris Kafer, Lan Zhou, Djoko Santoso, Adel Guirgis, Brock Weers, Sanggyu Park, Robert Thornburg
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1611-1625
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1349 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Regulation and functional roles of Grb14
Bertrand Cariou, Veronique Bereziat, Karine Moncoq, Anne Kasus-Jacobi, Dominique Perdereau, Veronique Le Marcis, Anne-Francoise Burnol
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1626-1636
Managing Editor: Feng Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1228 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE): a review
Rebecca Green, L Keith Scott, Alireza Minagar, Steven Conrad
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1637-1641
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1250 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Rapidity and multiplicity of synthesis and expression of immunoglobulin isotypes by B lymphocytes in the small intestine
Stephen Douglas Wagner, Humberto Montalvo Jr, Christopher Lars Hauschild, Amanda Michell Vanhoose, Ching-Hua Wang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1642-1653
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1312 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Soluble adhesion molecule levels, neuropsychiatric lupus and lupus-related damage
Hayden Zaccagni, Justin Fried, John Cornell, Patricia Padilla, Robin L Brey
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1654-1659
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1273 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
The serum growth hormone to somatostatin ratio is skewed upward in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Charles W Denko, Charles J Malemud
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1660-1664
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1354 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Post-transcriptional regulation of opioid receptors in the nervous system
Li-Na Wei, Ping-Yee Law, Horace H Loh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1665-1679
Managing Editor: Curtis Machida
DOI: 10.2741/1362 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Archaeal peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases (PPIases) update 2004
Tadashi Maruyama, Rintaro Suzuki, Masahiro Furutani
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1680-1720
Managing Editor: Everly Conway de Macario
DOI: 10.2741/1361 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Immunotherapy with Mycobacterium vaccae in the treatment of tuberculosis
John Stanford, Cynthia Stanford, John Grange
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1701-1719
Managing Editor: Ying Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1292 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Antisense therapeutics and the treatment of CNS disease
Laura B Jaeger, William A Banks
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1720-1727
Managing Editor: Conrad Johanson
DOI: 10.2741/1337 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Lipoprotein-matrix interactions in macrovascular disease in diabetes
Lisa R Tannock, Alan Chait
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1728-1742
Managing Editor: Karin Bornfeldt
DOI: 10.2741/1248 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Proteasomes: perspectives from the Archaea
Julie A Maupin-Furlow, Malgorzata A Gil, Ivanka M Karadzic, Phillip A Kirkland, Christopher J Reuter
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1743-1758
Managing Editor: Everly Conway de Macario
DOI: 10.2741/1363 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Polyoxometalates: from inorganic chemistry to materials science
Nieves Casañ-Pastor, Pedro Gómez-Romero
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1759-1770
Managing Editor: Sadiq Wasfi
DOI: 10.2741/1365 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Applying high throughput techniques in the study of adenosine kinase in plant metabolism and development
Sarah Schoor, Barb A Moffatt
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1771-1781
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1346 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Tachykinins in the emerging immune system: relevance to bone marrow homeostasis and maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells
Steven J Greco, Kelly E Corcoran, Kyung Jin Cho, Pranela Rameshwar
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1782-1793
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1373 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Extracellular virulence factors of group B Streptococci
George Yen-Hsi Liu, Victor Nizet
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1794-1802
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1296 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Molecular analysis of "de novo" purine biosynthesis in solanaceous species and in Arabidopsis thaliana
Eric van der Graaff, Paul Hooykaas, Wolfgang Lein, Jens Lerchl, Gotthard Kunze, Uwe Sonnewald, Ralf Boldt
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1803-1816
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1344 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
ALG-2, a multifunctional calcium binding protein?
Svetlana Tarabykina, Jens Mollerup, Pernille Winding, Martin W Berchtold
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1817-1832
Managing Editor: Emanuel Strehler
DOI: 10.2741/1358 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Caffeine synthase and related methyltransferases in plants
Kato Misako, Mizuno Kouichi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1833-1842
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1364 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Fluorometric evidence for different stoichiometries for the Na+/Mg2+ exchange in Mg-loaded rat thymocytes
Constanza Contreras-Jurado, Marco T González-Martínez, Enrique J Cobos, Agatángelo Soler-Diaz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1843-1848
Managing Editor: Hector Rasgado-Flores
DOI: 10.2741/1274 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Interactive protrusive structures during leukocyte adhesion and transendothelial migration
Olga Barreiro, Miguel Vicente-Manzanares, Ana Urzainqui, Maria Yáñez-Mó, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1849-1863
Managing Editor: Josephine Adams
DOI: 10.2741/1285 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Distribution and biosynthesis of caffeine in plants
Hiroshi Ashihara, Takeo Suzuki
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1864-1876
Managing Editor: Hiroshi Ashihara
DOI: 10.2741/1367 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Hypothermia in systemic inflammation: role of cytokines
Lisa R Leon
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1877-1888
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1381 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Cognitive function and its neural mechanisms in nonhuman primate models of aging, Alzheimer disease, and menopause
M L Voytko, G P Tinkler
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1899-1914
Managing Editor: Michael Taffe
DOI: 10.2741/1370 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Tumor-suppressive and promoting function of transforming growth factor beta
LuZhe Sun
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1925-1935
Managing Editor: Subhas Chakrabarty
DOI: 10.2741/1382 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
The role of substance P, hemokinin and their receptor in governing mucosal inflammation and granulomatous responses
Joel V Weinstock
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1936-1943
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1375 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
The role of dynamin in the assembly and function of podosomes and invadopodia
Mark A McNiven, Massimiliano Baldassarre, Roberto Buccione
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1944-1953
Managing Editor: Josephine Adams
DOI: 10.2741/1348 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Regulation of cell surface expression of voltage-dependent Nav1.7 sodium channels: mRNA stability and posttranscriptional control in adrenal chromaffin cells
Akihiko Wada, Toshihiko Yanagita, Hiroki Yokoo, Hideyuki Kobayashi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 2, pp.1954-1966
Managing Editor: Curtis Machida
DOI: 10.2741/1314 Published: 01 May 2004
Issue 3
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Article
Alterations of cell signaling pathways in pancreatic cancer
James W Freeman, Daniel DeArmond, Michael Lake, Weiqi Huang, Kolaparthi Venkatasubbarao, Shujie Zhao
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1889-1898
Managing Editor: Subhas Chakrabarty
DOI: 10.2741/1388 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
In vivo engineering of blood vessels
Chris D Daly, Gordon R Campbell, Philip J Walker, Julie H Campbell
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1915-1924
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1384 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Expression of cytochrome P450 in tumor tissues and its association with cancer development
Tsunehiro Oyama, Norio Kagawa, Naoki Kunugita, Kyoko Kitagawa, Masanori Ogawa, Tetsunosuke Yamaguchi, Rie Suzuki, Tsuyoshi Kinaga, Yasunori Yashima, Shinichi Ozaki, Toyohi Isse, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon Kim, Toshihiro Kawamoto
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1967-1976
Managing Editor: Norio Kagawa
DOI: 10.2741/1378 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Prostaglandin E2 as a mediator of fever: synthesis and catabolism
Andrei I Ivanov, Andrej A Romanovsky
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1977-1993
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1383 Published: 01 May 2004
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Article
Tachykinin-modulated anti-viral responses
Kenneth L Bost
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1994-1998
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1376 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Osmoadaptation and osmoregulation in archaea: update 2004
Mary F Roberts
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.1999-2019
Managing Editor: Everly Conway de Macario
DOI: 10.2741/1366 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Cloning and sequencing of a cDNA encoding for a protein specifically expressed in human testis, ovary and placenta
Rajesh K Naz, Xiaolong Zhu, Changanamkandath Rajesh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2020-2028
Managing Editor: Rajesh K. Naz
DOI: 10.2741/1385 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Oxygen free radical and antioxidant defense mechanism in cancer
Gilberto Pérez Trueba, Gregorio Martínez Sánchez, Atilia Giuliani
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2029-2044
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1335 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Building a functional artery: issues from the perspective of mechanics
Rudolph L Gleason, Jin-Jia Hu, Jay D Humphrey
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2045-2055
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1387 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Regulation of magnesium content during proliferation of mammary epithelial cells (HC-11)
Federica I Wolf, Silvia Fasanella, Beatrice Tedesco, Angela Torsello, Alessandro Sgambato, Beatrice Faraglia, Paola Palozza, Alma Boninsegna, Achille Cittadini
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2056-2062
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1389 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Expression of non-neuronal acetylcholine in lymphocytes and its contribution to the regulation of immune function
Koichiro Kawashima, Takeshi Fujii
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2063-2085
Managing Editor: Sergei Grando
DOI: 10.2741/1390 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Laboratory diagnostic aspects of drug resistant tuberculosis
Linda M Parsons, Akos Somoskövi, Richard Urbanczik, Max Salfinger
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2086-2105
Managing Editor: Ying Zhang
DOI: 10.2741/1290 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
The involvement of oxidative stress in bovine herpesvirus type 4-mediated apoptosis
U Pagnini, S Montagnaro, F Pacelli, L De Martino, S Florio, D Rocco, G Iovane, M Pacilio, C Gabellini, S Marsili, A Giordano
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2106-2114
Managing Editor: Antonio Giordano
DOI: 10.2741/1320 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
DNA replication licensing
H Nishitani, Z Lygerou
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2115-2132
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1315 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Eucaryotic replication origin binding proteins
Maria Zannis-Hadjopoulos, Sahar Sibani, Gerald B Price
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2133-2143
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1369 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Demographic analysis and modeling of human populations exposed to ionizing radiation
K G Manton, I Akushevich, A Kulminski
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2144-2152
Managing Editor: Kenneth Manton
DOI: 10.2741/1374 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
The role of tachykinins in central nervous system inflammatory responses
Ian Marriott
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2153-2165
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1377 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Non-neuronal mammalian tachykinin expression
Daniel A Nelson, Kenneth L Bost
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2166-2176
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1372 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Cell spreading controls balance of prestress by microtubules and extracellular matrix
Shaohua Hu, Jianxin Chen, Ning Wang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2177-2182
Managing Editor: Cheng Dong
DOI: 10.2741/1352 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Quantifying cell-adhesion strength with micropipette manipulation: principle and application
Jin-Yu Shao, Gang Xu, Peng Guo
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2183-2191
Managing Editor: Cheng Dong
DOI: 10.2741/1386 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Anti-interferon antibodies in multiple sclerosis. Molecular basis and their impact on clinical efficacy
Luca Durelli, Alessandra Ricci
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2192-2204
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1329 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Vascular elastic laminae: anti-inflammatory properties and potential applications to arterial reconstruction
Christopher Tieche, Paul K Alkema, Shu Q Liu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2205-2217
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1391 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Multiple functions of maspin in tumor progression and mouse development
Ming Zhang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2218-2226
Managing Editor: Philip Patston
DOI: 10.2741/1392 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Molecular mechanisms of NCAM function
Anders M Hinsby, Vladimir Berezin, Elisabeth Bock
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2227-2244
Managing Editor: Michael Hortsch
DOI: 10.2741/1393 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus immediate early gene activity
Vincent Lacoste, Cynthia de la Fuente, Fatah Kashanchi, Anne Pumfery
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2245-2272
Managing Editor: Kenneth Roebuck
DOI: 10.2741/1394 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The role of TWEAK/Fn14 in the pathogenesis of inflammation and systemic autoimmunity
Sean Campbell, Jennifer Michaelson, Linda Burkly, Chaim Putterman
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2273-2284
Managing Editor: Linda Spatz
DOI: 10.2741/1395 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Crystal structures of cyclophilin and its partners
Hengming Ke, Qing Huai
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2285-2296
Managing Editor: Kun Lu
DOI: 10.2741/1396 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The febrile patient: diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic considerations
Philip A Mackowiak
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2297-2301
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1397 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Novel approaches and cutting edge immunotherapies in multiple sclerosis
Toni M Bauman, Lloyd H Kasper
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2302-2322
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1398 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Synovial activation in rheumatoid arthritis
Caroline Ospelt, Michel Neidhart, Renate E Gay, Steffen Gay
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2323-2334
Managing Editor: Joseph Holoshitz
DOI: 10.2741/1399 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Enterococcal virulence--pathogenicity island of E. Faecalis
Christopher M Pillar, Michael S Gilmore
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2335-2346
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1400 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms of HTLV-1 transformation
Kylene Kehn, Reem Berro, Cynthia de la Fuente, Katharine Strouss, Elodie Ghedin, Shabnam Dadgar, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Anne Pumfery, Fatah Kashanchi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 3, pp.2347-2372
Managing Editor: Kenneth Roebuck
DOI: 10.2741/1401 Published: 01 September 2004
Issue 4
Open Access
Article
Current advances in molecular immunology: reference guide for reviews on molecular vaccines
Narendra Chirmule
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2373-2387
Managing Editor: Narendra Chirmule
DOI: 10.2741/1402 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of viral regulatory and accessory proteins in HIV-1 replication
Anila Seelamgari, Anil Maddukuri, Reem Berro, Cynthia de la Fuente, Kylene Kehn, Longwen Deng, Shabnam Dadgar, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Elodie Ghedin, Anne Pumfery, Fatah Kashanchi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2388-2413
Managing Editor: Kenneth Roebuck
DOI: 10.2741/1403 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Functional role of acetylcholine in the immune system
Toru Hosoi, Yasuyuki Nomura
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2414-2419
Managing Editor: Sergei Grando
DOI: 10.2741/1404 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Prolyl isomerases in yeast
Miguel Arevalo-Rodriguez, Xiaoyun Wu, Steven D Hanes, Joseph Heitman
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2420-2446
Managing Editor: Kun Lu
DOI: 10.2741/1405 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Sickness behavior in fever and hypothermia
Zoltan Szelenyi, Miklos Szekely
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2447-2456
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1406 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Passive immunization for immunocontraception: lessons learned from infectious diseases
Rajesh K Naz, Changanamkandath Rajesh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2457-2465
Managing Editor: Rajesh K. Naz
DOI: 10.2741/1407 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Thymidylate synthase: a critical target in cancer therapy?
Youcef M Rustum
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2467-2473
Managing Editor: Bruce Dolnick
DOI: 10.2741/1408 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
MMPS and TIMPS in ovarian physiology and pathophysiology
Shlomit Goldman, Eliezer Shalev
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2474-2483
Managing Editor: Warren Nothnick
DOI: 10.2741/1409 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Pharmacogenomics of thymidylate synthase in cancer treatment
Peter V Danenberg
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2484-2494
Managing Editor: Bruce Dolnick
DOI: 10.2741/1410 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Infectious transmission and replication of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1
David Derse, Gisela Heidecker, Michael Mitchell, Shawn Hill, Patricia Lloyd, Gerald Princler
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2495-2499
Managing Editor: Susan Marriott
DOI: 10.2741/1411 Published: 01 September 2004
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Article
Navigating novel mechanisms of cellular plasticity with the NAD+ precursor and nutrient nicotinamide
Faqi Li, Zhao Zhong Chong, Kenneth Maiese
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2500-2520
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1412 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Translational autoregulation of thymidylate synthase and dihydrofolate reductase
Ningwen Tai, John C Schmitz, Jun Liu, Xiukun Lin, Michelle Bailly, Tian-min Chen, Edward Chu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2521-2526
Managing Editor: Bruce Dolnick
DOI: 10.2741/1413 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Immunopathogensis of HTLV-I associated neurologic disease: molecular, histopathologic, and immunologic approaches
Norihiro Takenouchi, Karen Yao, Steven Jacobson
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2527-2539
Managing Editor: Susan Marriott
DOI: 10.2741/1414 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The mammalian beta globin origin of DNA replication
Mirit I Aladjem
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2540-2547
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1415 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Dual functional regulators coordinate DNA replication and gene expression in proliferating cells
Bik K Tye, Victoria K Chang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2548-2555
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1416 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of accessory proteins of HTLV-1 in viral replication, T cell activation, and cellular gene expression
Michael Bindhu, Amrithraj Nair, Michael D Lairmore
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2556-2576
Managing Editor: Susan Marriott
DOI: 10.2741/1417 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Functional roles of NKT cell in the immune system
Ken-ichiro Seino, Masaru Taniguchi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2577-2587
Managing Editor: Dieter Kabelitz
DOI: 10.2741/1418 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Role of gammadelta T lymphocytes in tumor defense
Maria Raffaella Zocchi, Alessandro Poggi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2588-2604
Managing Editor: Dieter Kabelitz
DOI: 10.2741/1419 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Beta-lactams and their potential use as novel anticancer chemotherapeutics drugs
Deborah Kuhn, Cristina Coates, Kenyon Daniel, Di Chen, Mohammad Bhuiyan, Aslamuzzaman Kazi, Edward Turos, Q Ping Dou
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2605-2617
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1420 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Green tea and tea polyphenols in cancer prevention
Di Chen, Kenyon G Daniel, Deborah J Kuhn, Aslamuzzaman Kazi, Mohammad Bhuiyan, Lianhai Li, Zhigang Wang, Sheng Biao Wan, Wai Har Lam, Tak Hang Chan, Q Ping Dou
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2618-2631
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1421 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Sphingolipids in the chemoprevention of colon cancer
Eva M Schmelz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2632-2639
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1422 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Regulation of skin cell homeostasis by gamma delta T cells
Julie M Jameson, Leslie L Sharp, Deborah A Witherden, Wendy L Havran
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2640-2651
Managing Editor: Dieter Kabelitz
DOI: 10.2741/1423 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Copper storage diseases: Menkes, Wilsons, and cancer
Kenyon G Daniel, R Hope Harbach, Wayne C Guida, Q Ping Dou
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2652-2662
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1424 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Molecular mechanisms of chemoprevention and therapy of cancer by retinoids
Patrick F Shen
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2663-2670
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1425 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Genotypic and phenotypic biomarker profiles for individual risk assessment and cancer detection (lessons from bladder cancer risk assessment in symptomatic patients and workers exposed to benzidine)
George P Hemstreet, Wenyu Wang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2671-2679
Managing Editor: JianYu Rao
DOI: 10.2741/1426 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The blood brain barrier in HIV infection
Joseph R Berger, Malcolm Avison
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2680-2685
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1427 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Brain RNA expression in obese vs lean mice after LPS-induced systemic inflammation
L Keith Scott, Vidula Vachharajani, Randall L Mynatt, Alireza Minagar, Steven A Conrad
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2686-2696
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1428 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Prevention of colorectal cancer using COX-2 inhibitors: basic science and clinical applications
Arthur J Chu, Ta-Hsu Chou, Ben D Chen
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2697-2713
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1429 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The role of isoflavones in cancer chemoprevention
Fazlul H Sarkar, Yiwei Li
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2714-2724
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1430 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Chemopreventive role of folic acid in colorectal cancer
Adhip P N Majumdar, Udayini Kodali, Richard Jaszewski
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 4, pp.2725-2732
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1431 Published: 01 September 2004
Issue 5
Open Access
Article
The promise and challenge toward the clinical application of maspin in cancer
Shijie Sheng
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2733-2745
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1432 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Orexigenic vs. anorexigenic peptides and feeding status in the modulation of fever and hypothermia
Miklos Szekely, Erika Petervari, Zoltan Szelenyi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2746-2763
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1433 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Atherosclerosis as an inflammatory disease: implications for therapy
Nader Eldika, Lakchminarayan Yerra, David S Chi, Guha Krishnaswamy
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2764-2777
DOI: 10.2741/1434 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Computational protein chemistry of p53 and p53 peptides
Paul W Brandt-Rauf, Ramon V Rosal, Robert L Fine, Matthew R Pincus
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2778-2787
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1435 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Structure-based development of a novel collagen inhibitor for MMP-1: re-designing the functions of a matrix protein
James M Chen, Li-An Yeh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2788-2795
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1436 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Molecular modeling of mammalian cytochrome P450s
Fred K Friedman, Richard C Robinson, Renke Dai
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2796-2806
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1437 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Conformational searches elucidate effects of stereochemistry on structures of deoxyadenosine covalently bound to tumorigenic metabolites of benzo[C] phenanthrene
Min Wu, S Frank Yan, Jian Tan, Dinshaw J Patel, Nicholas E Geacintov, Suse Broyde
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2807-2818
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1438 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Signaling the brain in inflammation: the role of endothelial cells
Kiyoshi Matsumura, Shigeo Kobayashi
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2819-2826
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1439 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Tamoxifen: an emerging preventive
Jan Schwartz
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2827-2847
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1440 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Identification of interstitial cells of Cajal in the human rectum
Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El-Sibai, Ismail Ahmed, Ali A Shafik
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2848-2851
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1441 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Adult T cell leukemia lymphoma
Lee Ratner
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2852-2859
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1442 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Activating the ryanodine receptor with dihydropyridine receptor II-III loop segments: size and charge do matter
Marco G Casarotto, Daniel Green, Suzy Pace, Jaqui Young, Angela F Dulhunty
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2860-2872
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1443 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Polymerisation underlies alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, dementia and other serpinopathies
David A Lomas, Didier Belorgey, Meera Mallya, Maki Onda, Kerri J Kinghorn, Lynda K Sharp, Russell L Phillips, Richard Page, Damian C Crowther, Elena Miranda
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2873-2891
Managing Editor: Philip Patston
DOI: 10.2741/1444 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Obstructive sleep apnea, inflammation, and cardiopulmonary disease
Jim L Arter, David S Chi, Girish M, S Matthew Fitzgerald, Bhuvana Guha, Guha Krishnaswamy
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2892-2900
DOI: 10.2741/1445 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Major factors modulating the serum oxalic acid level in hemodialysis patients
Yoshihide Ogawa, Noriko Machida, Masahide Jahana, Munehisa Gakiya, Yoshiaki Chinen, Masami Oda, Makoto Morozumi, Kimio Sugaya
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2901-2908
Managing Editor: Saeed Khan
DOI: 10.2741/1446 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Sensing and adapting to environmental stress: the archaeal tactic
Emilia Pedone, Simonetta Bartolucci, Gabriella Fiorentino
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2909-2926
Managing Editor: Everly Conway de Macario
DOI: 10.2741/1447 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Isoflavones in breast cancer chemoprevention: where do we go from here?
Nagi Kumar, Kathryn Allen, Diane Riccardi, Aslamuzzaman Kazi, John Heine
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2927-2934
Managing Editor: Q. Ping Dou
DOI: 10.2741/1448 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Analytic approaches to differential gene expression in AIDS versus control brains
P Shapshak, R Duncan, J E Torres-Munoz, E M Duran, A Minagar, C K Petito
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2935-2946
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1449 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms and models of peripheral CD4 T cell self-tolerance
Colin C Anderson, William F N Chan
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2947-2963
Managing Editor: Abdelouahab Aitouche
DOI: 10.2741/1450 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Can ends justify the means? Digging deep for human fusion genes of prokaryotic origin
Yu Yiting, Iti Chaturvedi, Liew Kim Meow, Pandjassarame Kangueane, Meena Kishore Sakharkar
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2964-2971
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1451 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Current vaccine adjuvants: an overview of a diverse class
Charlotte Read Kensil, Annie Xiaoyan Mo, Alemseged Truneh
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2972-2988
Managing Editor: Narendra Chirmule
DOI: 10.2741/1452 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Epithelial cell invasion of the stroma in human skin organ culture
James Varani
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2989-2995
Managing Editor: Subhas Chakrabarty
DOI: 10.2741/1453 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Metal ion transport and regulation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Daniel Agranoff, Sanjeev Krishna
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.2996-3006
Managing Editor: Michael Maguire
DOI: 10.2741/1454 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Eight cytochrome P450s catalyze vitamin D metabolism
Yoshihiko Ohyama, Tomoaki Yamasaki
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3007-3018
Managing Editor: Norio Kagawa
DOI: 10.2741/1455 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
B cell/antibody tolerance to our own antigens
Nicholas R StC Sinclair
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3019-3028
Managing Editor: Abdelouahab Aitouche
DOI: 10.2741/1456 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Initiation of DNA replication in Xenopus egg extracts
Emily E Arias, Johannes C Walter
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3029-3045
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1457 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Prostaglandin E2 as a mediator of fever: the role of prostaglandin E (EP) receptors
Takakazu Oka
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3046-3057
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1458 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Paradoxical effects of DNA binding polyamides on HTLV-1 transcription
Jill A Livengood, Eric J Fechter, Peter B Dervan, Jennifer K Nyborg
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3058-3067
Managing Editor: Susan Marriott
DOI: 10.2741/1459 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Thermal homeostasis in systemic inflammation: modulation of neuronal mechanisms
Ladislav Jansky, Stanislav Vybiral
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3068-3084
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1460 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Soluble interleukin-2 receptor in cancer
Saburo Murakami
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3085-3090
Managing Editor: George Blanck
DOI: 10.2741/1461 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Ginkgo biloba and neurodegenerative disorders
Yves Christen
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3091-3104
Managing Editor: Yuan Luo
DOI: 10.2741/1462 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Angiogenesis and its role in the behavior of astrocytic brain tumors
Shirley I Stiver
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3105-3123
Managing Editor: Subhas Chakrabarty
DOI: 10.2741/1463 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Cellular immunity and immunotherapy of brain tumors
Robert M Prins, Linda M Liau
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 5, pp.3124-3136
Managing Editor: Van Meir
DOI: 10.2741/1465 Published: 01 September 2004
Issue 6
Open Access
Article
Endothelial microparticles (EMP) bind and activate monocytes: elevated EMP-monocyte conjugates in multiple sclerosis
Wenche Jy, Alireza Minagar, Joaquin J Jimenez, William A Sheremata, Lucia M Mauro, Lawrence L Horstman, Carlos Bidot, Yeon S Ahn
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3137-3144
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1466 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms of alcohol liver damage: aldehydes, scavenger receptors, and autoimmunity
Michael J Duryee, Monte S Willis, Thomas L Freeman, Charles A Kuszynski, Dean J Tuma, Lynell W Klassen, Geoffrey M Thiele
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3145-3155
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1467 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Mechanisms of inflammation: the good, the bad and the ugly
F Stephen Laroux
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3156-3162
Managing Editor: Alireza Minagar
DOI: 10.2741/1468 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
N-nitrosations of basic amino acid residues in polypeptide
Wu-Nan Kuo, Dynisha Ivy, Luvina Guruvadoo, Atavia White, Latia Graham
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3163-3166
Managing Editor: Wu-Nan Kuo
DOI: 10.2741/1469 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Metabolomic analysis of molecular species of phospholipids from normotensive and preeclamptic human placenta electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Shashi Jain, Koka Jayasimhulu, Joseph F Clark
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3167-3175
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1470 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Endogenous morphinergic signaling and tumor growth
Patrick Cadet, Mads Rasmussen, Wei Zhu, Else Tonnesen, Kirk J Mantione, George B Stefano
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3176-3186
Managing Editor: Rhoda Maneckjee
DOI: 10.2741/1471 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Human cell proteins and human immunodeficiency virus DNA integration
Fanny Turlure, Eric Devroe, Pamela A Silver, Alan Engelman
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3187-3208
Managing Editor: Kenneth Roebuck
DOI: 10.2741/1472 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The role of tachykinins on bacterial infections
David W Pascual
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3209-3217
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1473 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
HTLV envelopes and their receptor GLUT1, the ubiquitous glucose transporter: a new vision on HTLV infection?
Nicolas Manel, Naomi Taylor, Sandrina Kinet, Felix J Kim, Louise Swainson, Madakasira Lavanya, Jean-Luc Battini, Marc Sitbon
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3218-3241
Managing Editor: Susan Marriott
DOI: 10.2741/1474 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
IFN-beta in rheumatoid arthritis
Paul Peter Tak
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3242-3247
Managing Editor: Joseph Holoshitz
DOI: 10.2741/1475 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
A role for Pin1 in mammalian germ cell development and spermatogenesis
Fawn W Atchison, Anthony R Means
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3248-3256
Managing Editor: Kun Lu
DOI: 10.2741/1476 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Transglutaminase contributes to CPPD crystal formation in osteoarthritis
David Heinkel, Claudia M Gohr, Miwa Uzuki, Ann K Rosenthal
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3257-3261
Managing Editor: Yubo Sun
DOI: 10.2741/1477 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
A report on single exon genes (SEG) in eukaryotes
Meena Kishore Sakharkar, Vincent Tak Kwong Chow, Iti Chaturvedi, Venkatarajan Subramanian Mathura, Paul Shapshak, Pandjassarame Kangueane
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3262-3267
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1478 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Susceptibility and resistance to experimental adjuvant arthritis
Alon Y Hershko, Rina Ulmansky, Eli Moallem, Yaakov Naparstek
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3268-3275
Managing Editor: Joseph Holoshitz
DOI: 10.2741/1479 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Molecular and biological effects of hemodynamics on vascular cells
Sanjeev Pradhan, Bauer Sumpio
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3276-3285
Managing Editor: Shu Liu
DOI: 10.2741/1480 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
An unconventional hypothesis of oxidation in Alzheimer's disease: intersections with excitotoxicity
Steven W Barger
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3286-3295
Managing Editor: Yuan Luo
DOI: 10.2741/1481 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
The protein folding problem: global optimization of the force fields
H A Scheraga, A Liwo, S Oldziej, C Czaplewski, J Pillardy, D R Ripoll, J A Vila, R Kazmierkiewicz, J A Saunders, Y A Arnautova, A Jagielska, M Chinchio, M Nanias
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3296-3323
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1482 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Porous carbon composite/enzyme glucose microsensor
C M Li, C S Cha
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3324-3330
Managing Editor: Yuan Luo
DOI: 10.2741/1483 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Tachykinin-mediated modulation of the immune response
Kenneth L Bost
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3331-3332
Managing Editor: Kenneth Bost
DOI: 10.2741/1484 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Testing the amyloid toxicity hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans model
Astrid Gutierrez-Zepeda, Yuan Luo
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3333-3338
Managing Editor: Yuan Luo
DOI: 10.2741/1485 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Non-prostaglandin eicosanoids in fever and anapyrexia
Wieslaw Kozak, Vadim Fraifeld
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3339-3355
Managing Editor: Andrej Romanovsky
DOI: 10.2741/1486 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitors in ovarian physiology
Yi-Xun Liu
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3356-3373
Managing Editor: Warren Nothnick
DOI: 10.2741/1487 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Genetic immune modulation of Ran GTPase against different microbial pathogens
Siu-Wah Chung, Xiao-Ying Huang, Jianlin Song, Rebecca Thomas, Peter M C Wong
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3374-3383
Managing Editor: Peter Wong
DOI: 10.2741/1488 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Lactate biosensors for continuous monitoring
Jian-Wei Mo, Wilson Smart
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3384-3391
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1489 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Delta opioid peptide (D-Ala 2, D-Leu 5) enkephalin: linking hibernation and neuroprotection
Cesario V Borlongan, Yun Wang, Tsung-Ping Su
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3392-3398
Managing Editor: Rhoda Maneckjee
DOI: 10.2741/1490 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Virulence factors of the group A streptococci and genes that regulate their expression
Wayne Hynes
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3399-3433
Managing Editor: Wayne Hynes
DOI: 10.2741/1491 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Real time and in vivo monitoring of nitric oxide by electrochemical sensors--from dream to reality
Xueji Zhang
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3434-3446
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1492 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Natural antioxidants and neurodegenerative diseases
S Bastianetto, R Quirion
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3447-3452
Managing Editor: Yuan Luo
DOI: 10.2741/1493 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Insights into the catalytic mechanism of peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases
Jörg Fanghänel, Gunter Fischer
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3453-3478
Managing Editor: Kun Lu
DOI: 10.2741/1494 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Porous carbon composite/enzyme glucose microsensor
C M Li, C S Cha
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3479-3485
Managing Editor: Frontiers in Bioscience
DOI: 10.2741/1495 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Development of new anti-cancer peptides from conformational energy analysis of the oncogenic ras-p21 protein and its complexes with target proteins
Matthew R Pincus
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3486-3509
Managing Editor: Mathew Pincus
DOI: 10.2741/1496 Published: 01 September 2004
Open Access
Article
Opioid peptides in cerebrospinal fluid-methods for analysis and their significance in the clinical perspective
Fred Nyberg
Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark Volume 9 Issue 6, pp.3510-3525
Managing Editor: Rhoda Maneckjee
DOI: 10.2741/1497 Published: 01 September 2004