Open Access
The cAMP-dependent kinase pathway and human sperm acrosomal exocytosis
De Jonge C1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska 68198-3255, USA. CDEJONGE@UNMC.EDU
DOI: 10.2741/A128 Volume 1 Issue 4, pp.234-240
Published: 01 September 1996
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Male reproductive medicine)

The human sperm acrosome reaction (AR) appears to be analogous to various somatic cell exocytotic events. The AR can be induced in vitro by naturally occurring and synthetic compounds, such as, human periovulatory follicular fluid (hFF) and calcium ionophore A23187. The events that culminate in the AR appear to involve at least two second messenger pathways. One pathway involves the generation of the second messenger adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) by the amplifying enzyme adenylate cyclase and leading to the activation of cAMP-dependent kinase (PKA). The effect of PKA stimulators, such as, forskolin and cAMP analogues, on AR was tested and they were found to stimulate the AR. Inhibitors of specific components in the PKA pathway, e.g. adenosine analogues and PKA inhibitors, induced dose-dependent reductions in the AR. Furthermore, naturally occurring agonists, including, hFF and solubilized human zona pellucida (sZP), in combination with PKA inhibitors, led to a significantly lower AR. Collectively, these data provide strong support for the role of the PKA pathway in the AR.

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De Jonge C. The cAMP-dependent kinase pathway and human sperm acrosomal exocytosis. Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark. 1996. 1(4); 234-240.