Open Access
NF-kappaB in lung cancer, a carcinogenesis mediator and a prevention and therapy target
Wenshu Chen1,Zi Li1,Lang Bai1,Yong Lin1
Molecular Biology and Lung Cancer Program, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest DR SE, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA
DOI: 10.2741/3782 Volume 16 Issue 3, pp.1172-1185
Published: 01 January 2011

Lung cancer ranks as the first malignant tumor killer worldwide. Despite the knowledge that carcinogens from tobacco smoke and the environment constitute the main causes of lung cancer, the mechanisms for lung carcinogenesis are still elusive. Cancer development and progression depend on the balance between cell survival and death signals. Common cell survival signaling pathways are activated by carcinogens as well as by inflammatory cytokines, which contribute substantially to cancer development. As a major cell survival signal, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is involved in multiple steps in carcinogenesis and in cancer cell's resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy. Recent studies with animal models and cell culture systems have established the links between NF-kappaB and lung carcinogenesis, highlighting the significance of targeting NF-kappa signaling pathway for lung cancer treatment and chemoprevention. In this review, we summarize progresses in understanding the NF-kappaB pathway in lung cancer development as well as in modulating NF-kappaB for lung cancer prevention and therapy.

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Wenshu Chen, Zi Li, Lang Bai, Yong Lin. NF-kappaB in lung cancer, a carcinogenesis mediator and a prevention and therapy target. Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark. 2011. 16(3); 1172-1185.