Open Access
Th 17 cells interplay with Foxp3+ Tregs in regulation of inflammation and autoimmunity
Jietang Mai1,Hong Wang1,Xiao-Feng Yang1
Department of Pharmacology and Cardiovascular Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
DOI: 10.2741/3657 Volume 15 Issue 3, pp.986-1006
Published: 01 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Homeostasis and therapeutical potential of CD4)

T helper 17 cells (Th17) are a new CD4+ T helper subset that has been implicated in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Th17, along with CD4(+)CD25(high) Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and other new T helper subsets, have expanded the Th1-Th2 paradigm. Although this new eight-subset paradigm significantly improved our understanding on the differentiation and regulation of CD4+ T helper subsets, many questions remain to be answered. Here we will briefly review the following issues: a) Old Th1-Th2 paradigm versus new multi-subset paradigm; b) Structural features of IL-17 family cytokines; c) Th17 cells; d) Effects of IL-17 on various cell types and tissues; e) IL-17 receptor and signaling pathways; f) Th17-mediated inflammations; and g) Protective mechanisms of IL-17 in infections. Lastly, we will examine the interactions of Th17 and Treg in autoimmune diseases and inflammation: Th17 cells interplay with Tregs. Regulation of autoimmunity and inflammation lies in the interplays of the different T helper subsets, therefore, better understanding of these subsets' interactions would greatly improve our approaches in developing therapy to combat inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Share and Cite
Jietang Mai, Hong Wang, Xiao-Feng Yang. Th 17 cells interplay with Foxp3+ Tregs in regulation of inflammation and autoimmunity. Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark. 2010. 15(3); 986-1006.