Molecular chaperones are key cellular components involved in the maintenance of protein homeostasis and other unrelated functions. Prefoldin is a chaperone that acts as a co-factor of group II chaperonins in eukaryotes and archaea. It assists proper folding of protein by capturing nonnative proteins and delivering it to the group II chaperonin. Eukaryotic prefoldin is a multiple subunit complex composed of six different polypeptide chains. Archaeal prefoldin, on the other hand, is a heterohexameric complex composed of two alpha and four beta subunits, and forms a double beta barrel assembly with six long coiled coils protruding from it like a jellyfish with six tentacles. Based on the structural information of the archaeal prefoldin, substrate recognition and prefoldin-chaperonin binding mechanisms have been investigated. In this paper, we review a series of studies on the molecular mechanisms of archaeal PFD function. Particular emphasis will be placed on the molecular structures revealed by X-ray crystallography and molecular dynamics induced by binding to nonnative protein substrates.