Open Access
Article
Sjögren's syndrome (SjS)-like disease of mice: the importance of B lymphocytes and autoantibodies
Cuong Quoc Nguyen1,Seunghee Ro Cha1,Ammon Broughton Peck1
1
University of Florida, College of Dentistry, Department of Oral Biology, PO Box 100424, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA, nguyen@pathology.ufl.edu
DOI: 10.2741/2187 Volume 12 Issue 5, pp.1767-1789
Published: 01 January 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of B cells in systemic and organ-specific autoimmune diseases)
Abstract

Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) is a systemic autoimmune disease in which an immunological attack against the salivary and lacrimal glands results, respectively, in severe dry mouth and dry eye diseases. Although a CD4+ T lymphocyte population is an integral component in the pathogenesis of SjS, recent studies have focused on the importance the B lymphocyte plays in both the pre-clinical and clinical phases of the disease process. To understand the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in SjS, numerous mouse models that mimic major clinical manifestations of the human disease have been developed. Studies have begun to define the genetics, the nature of the autoimmune response towards the salivary and lacrimal glands, as well as the possible mechanisms for effecting glandular dysfunction, thereby establishing insights to new intervention therapies. Not surprising, the B cell is taking center stage. Here, we present an in-depth discussion of how B cell populations may be involved in orchestrating or determining exocrine gland dysfunction.

Share and Cite
Cuong Quoc Nguyen, Seunghee Ro Cha, Ammon Broughton Peck. Sjögren's syndrome (SjS)-like disease of mice: the importance of B lymphocytes and autoantibodies. Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark. 2007. 12(5); 1767-1789.