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Selective chromatid segregation mechanism for Bruchus wings piebald color

Amar J. S. Klar1,*
1
Gene Regulation and Chromosome Biology Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Center for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Building 539, Room 154, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA
DOI: 10.2741/E734 Volume 7 Issue 2, pp.303-314
Published: 01 January 2015
*Corresponding Author(s):  
Amar J. S. Klar
E-mail:  
klara@mail.nih.gov
Abstract

The mechanisms of asymmetric organ development have been under intensive investigation for years, yet the proposed mechanisms remain controversial (1-3). The female Bruchus quadrimaculatus beetle insect develops two black-colored spots bilaterally located on each upper elytra wing by an unknown mechanism. Fifty percent of the P (for piebald, two colors) gene homozygous mutant insects, described in 1925, had a normal left elytrum (with two black spots) and an abnormal right elytrum (with two red spots) and the balance supported the converse lateralized pigment arrangement (4). Rather than supporting the conventional morphogen model for the wings pigmentation development, their biological origin is explained here with the somatic strand-specific epigenetic imprinting and selective sister chromatid segregation (SSIS) mechanism (5). We propose that the P gene product performs the selective sister chromatid segregation function to produce symmetric cell division of a specific cell during embryogenesis to result in the bilateral symmetric development of elytra black color spots and that the altered chromatid segregation pattern of the mutant causes asymmetric cell division to confer the piebald phenotype.

Key words
Piebald,Bruchus,Beetle,Mutant,Piebald Elytra Color,Asymmetry,Selective Chromatid Segregation Mechanism,Asymmetric Cell Division,Mechanism,Left–Right Body,Symmetry,Development,Review
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Amar J. S. Klar. Selective chromatid segregation mechanism for Bruchus wings piebald color. Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite. 2015. 7(2); 303-314.